Nuthatch - Sitta europaea

The nuthatches constitute a genus, Sitta, of small passerine birds belonging to the family Sittidae. Characterised by large heads, short tails, and powerful bills and feet, nuthatches advertise their territory using loud, simple songs. Most species exhibit grey or bluish upperparts and a black eye stripe. Most nuthatches breed in the temperate or montane woodlands of the Northern Hemisphere, although two species have adapted to rocky habitats in the warmer and drier regions of Eurasia. However, the greatest diversity is in Southern Asia, and similarities between the species have made it difficult to identify distinct species. All members of this genus nest in holes or crevices. Most species are non-migratory and live in their habitat year-round, although the North American red-breasted nuthatch migrates to warmer regions during the winter. A few nuthatch species have restricted ranges and face threats from deforestation. Nuthatches are omnivorous, eating mostly insects, nuts and seeds. They forage for insects hidden in or under bark by climbing along tree trunks and branches, sometimes upside-down. They forage within their territories when breeding, but they may join mixed feeding flocks at other times. Their habit of wedging a large food item in a crevice and then hacking at it with their strong bills gives this group its English name. The nuthatch family, Sittidae, was described by René-Primevère Lesson in 1828. Sometimes the wallcreeper (Tichodroma muraria), which is restricted to the mountains of southern Eurasia, is placed in the same family as the nuthatches, but in a separate subfamily "Tichodromadinae", in which case the nuthatches are classified in the subfamily "Sittinae". However, it is more often placed in a separate family, the Tichodromadidae. The wallcreeper is intermediate in its morphology between the nuthatches and the treecreepers, but its appearance, the texture of its plumage, and the shape and pattern of its tail suggest that it is closer to the former taxon. The nuthatch vanga of Madagascar (formerly known as the coral-billed nuthatch) and the sitellas from Australia and New Guinea were once placed in the nuthatch family because of similarities in appearance and lifestyle, but they are not closely related. The resemblances arose via convergent evolution to fill an ecological niche. The nuthatches' closest relatives, other than the wallcreeper, are the treecreepers, and the two (or three) families are sometimes placed in a larger grouping with the wrens and gnatcatchers. This superfamily, theCerthioidea, is proposed on phylogenetic studies using mitochondrial and nuclear DNA, and was created to cover a clade of (four or) five families removed from a larger grouping of passerine birds, the Sylvioidea. source wikipedia

Belichtingsmodus: Automatische belichting
Belichtingsmethode: Diafragmaprioriteit
Belichtingsduur: 1/250
Bestandsbron: DSC
Flits: Geen flits
ƒ-stop: 6,3
Scherptediepte: 500
Scherptediepte 35-mm film: 750
Versterkingsregeling: Lage versterking omhoog
ISO-snelheid: 800
Lensmodel: 150.0-500.0 mm f/5.0-6.3
Lensspecificatie: 150, 500, 5, 6.3

Belichtingsmodus: Automatische belichting
Belichtingsmethode: Diafragmaprioriteit
Belichtingsduur: 1/160
Bestandsbron: DSC
Flits: Geen flits
ƒ-stop: 6,3
Scherptediepte: 500
Scherptediepte 35-mm film: 750
Versterkingsregeling: Hoge versterking omhoog
ISO-snelheid: 1250

Belichtingsmodus: Automatische belichting
Belichtingsmethode: Diafragmaprioriteit
Belichtingsduur: 1/160
Bestandsbron: DSC
Flits: Geen flits
ƒ-stop: 6,3
Scherptediepte: 500
Scherptediepte 35-mm film: 750
Versterkingsregeling: Hoge versterking omhoog
ISO-snelheid: 1250

Belichtingsmodus: Automatische belichting
Belichtingsmethode: Diafragmaprioriteit
Belichtingsduur: 1/400
Bestandsbron: DSC
Flits: Geen flits
ƒ-stop: 6,3
Scherptediepte: 380
Scherptediepte 35-mm film: 570
Versterkingsregeling: Lage versterking omhoog
ISO-snelheid: 800

Belichtingsmodus: Automatische belichting
Belichtingsmethode: Diafragmaprioriteit
Belichtingsduur: 1/200
Bestandsbron: DSC
Flits: Geen flits
ƒ-stop: 6,3
Scherptediepte: 500
Scherptediepte 35-mm film: 750
Versterkingsregeling: Hoge versterking omhoog
ISO-snelheid: 1250

Belichtingsmodus: Automatische belichting
Belichtingsmethode: Diafragmaprioriteit
Belichtingsduur: 1/160
Bestandsbron: DSC
Flits: Geen flits
ƒ-stop: 6,3
Scherptediepte: 500
Scherptediepte 35-mm film: 750
Versterkingsregeling: Hoge versterking omhoog
ISO-snelheid: 1250

Belichtingsmodus: Automatische belichting
Belichtingsmethode: Diafragmaprioriteit
Belichtingsduur: 1/160
Bestandsbron: DSC
Flits: Geen flits
ƒ-stop: 6,3
Scherptediepte: 500
Scherptediepte 35-mm film: 750
Versterkingsregeling: Hoge versterking omhoog
ISO-snelheid: 1250

Belichtingsmodus: Automatische belichting
Belichtingsmethode: Diafragmaprioriteit
Belichtingsduur: 1/125
Bestandsbron: DSC
Flits: Geen flits
ƒ-stop: 6,3
Scherptediepte: 500
Scherptediepte 35-mm film: 750
Versterkingsregeling: Hoge versterking omhoog
ISO-snelheid: 1250 

Belichtingsmodus: Automatische belichting
Belichtingsmethode: Diafragmaprioriteit
Belichtingsduur: 1/200
Bestandsbron: DSC
Flits: Geen flits
ƒ-stop: 6,3
Scherptediepte: 500
Scherptediepte 35-mm film: 750
Versterkingsregeling: Lage versterking omhoog
ISO-snelheid: 800

 

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