Chiff-chaff - Phylloscopus collybitus

The common chiffchaff, or simply the chiffchaff, (Phylloscopus collybita) is a common and widespread leaf warbler which breeds in open woodlands throughout northern and temperate Europe and Asia. It is a migratory passerine which winters in southern and western Europe, southern Asia and north Africa. Greenish-brown above and off-white below, it is named onomatopoeically for its simple chiff-chaff song. It has a number of subspecies, some of which are now treated as full species. The female builds a domed nest on or near the ground, and assumes most of the responsibility for brooding and feeding the chicks, whilst the male has little involvement in nesting, but defends his territory against rivals, and attacks potential predators. A small insectivorous bird, it is subject to predation by mammals, such as cats and mustelids, and birds, particularly hawks of the genus Accipiter. Its large range and population mean that its status is secure, although one subspecies is probably extinct. The British naturalist Gilbert White was one of the first people to separate the similar-looking common chiffchaff, willow warbler and wood warbler by their songs, as detailed in 1789 in The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne, but the common chiffchaff was first formally described as Sylvia collybita by French ornithologist Louis Vieillot in 1817 in his Nouveau Dictionnaire d'Histoire Naturelle. Described by German zoologist Heinrich Boie in 1826, the genus Phylloscopus contains about 50 species of small insectivorous Old World woodland warblers which are either greenish or brown above and yellowish, white or buff below. The genus was formerly part of the Old World warbler family Sylvidae, but has now been split off as a separate family Phylloscopidae. The chiffchaff's closest relatives, other than former subspecies, are a group of leaf warblers which similarly lack crown stripes, a yellow rump or obvious wing bars; they include the willow, Bonelli's, wood and plain leaf warblerssource wikipedia

 

Belichtingsmodus: Automatische belichting
Belichtingsmethode: Diafragmaprioriteit
Belichtingsduur: 1/320
Bestandsbron: DSC
Flits: Geen flits
ƒ-stop: 6,3
Scherptediepte: 350
Scherptediepte 35-mm film: 525
Versterkingsregeling: Hoge versterking omhoog
ISO-snelheid: 1600

Belichtingsafwijking: 0
Belichtingsmodus: Automatische belichting
Belichtingsmethode: Diafragmaprioriteit
Belichtingsduur: 1/160
Bestandsbron: DSC
Flits: Geen flits
ƒ-stop: 6,3
Scherptediepte: 500
Scherptediepte 35-mm film: 750
Versterkingsregeling: Lage versterking omhoog
ISO-snelheid: 800

 

share this article

Submit to FacebookSubmit to Google PlusSubmit to Twitter